Almaty City Review


About This Report

Mar 2017

Accounting for 24% of the country's GDP and 12% of its population in 2016, Almaty is Kazakhstan's foremost economic Centre. Despite losing its capital status to Astana in 1997, Almaty remains the largest city in Kazakhstan, and still is a major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan. Being an important strategic point of trade and logistics in Central Asia, 91% of the city's GVA is derived from services, with commerce being the backbone of Almaty's economy.

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Almaty City Review


The economy of Almaty is very service sector-orientated, with 91% of its GVA coming from commerce, business services and public services. Being the centre of higher value-added sectors, Almaty also boasted a 108% higher productivity level compared to the rest of the country, in 2016. Commerce greatly benefits from the city's convenient geographic location and the availability of supportive infrastructure.

Higher productivity boosts income

Higher productivity in Almaty does translate into a higher annual level of per-household disposable income in the city, which surpassed the average for the rest of the country by 40% in 2016. This is partly impacted by the city's smaller household size and lower labour force participation rate compared with elsewhere in Kazakhstan.

Greater consumer spending

Along with higher disposable income, households in Almaty recorded 45% higher consumer spending per household (excluding housing and transportation) in 2016. Compared with the rest of Kazakhstan, the greatest difference in spending were in the education (65% greater spending in the city) and hotels and restaurants (+115%) categories.

Expensive housing and transportation

In 2016 expenditure on housing and transport was 47% greater in Almaty compared to the rest of the country. Of the two, transport demanded as much as 57% more expenses compared with the rest of the country. Despite Almaty having an advantage in disposable income, Almaty is regarded as a rather unaffordable city given the excessive housing and transportation costs.


Understanding Almaty Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Almaty
Summary 1 Key Facts On Almaty 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Almaty Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Almaty 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Almaty, Kazakhstan And Other Cities In CIS, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Almaty 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Almaty 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Almaty 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Almaty And Kazakhstan, 2016
Summary 3 Almaty Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
A New Hotel Brand In Almaty
Almaty To Introduce Bike Sharing
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021