Amman City Review


About This Report

Jul 2017

Jordan's capital, Amman, concentrates more than half of country's population and its GDP. A safe spot in the region, Jordan, was home to refugees for decades. Over 2011-2016 Amman's population rose by 44% and foreigners accounted for one-third of the population in 2015. Real GDP per capita slumped by one-quarter over the period, amid a sluggish job creation environment. The government promises incentives and stability to investors, but the crises in Syria and Iraq remain major deterrents

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Amman City Review


Labour productivity in Amman (USD24,200 in 2016) was 31% above that in the rest of Jordan, but very low compared to other Middle Eastern metropoles: USD97,500 in Abu Dhabi, USD82,400 in Jerusalem, and USD27,700 in Tehran.

Higher average household disposable income

Higher labour productivity is a prime factor for Amman's 34% advantage in average household disposable income against the rest of Jordan in 2016. The labour force participation rate is low by global standards (28% in 2016), but a large average household size (4.9 occupants in 2016) compensates for this.

Households spend more on education

In line with higher disposable income, consumer expenditure per household in Amman, less housing and transport, were 35% higher than elsewhere in Jordan, in 2016. Households in Amman spent substantially more on education (6.3% of total consumer expenditures versus 4.8% elsewhere in Jordan). Food and non-alcoholic beverages accounted for 37% of total expenditure, albeit smaller than the 40% share elsewhere in country.

Greater housing and transport expenditure

Average household expenditure on housing and transport in Amman was 64% higher than elsewhere in Jordan in 2016. Housing costs particularly more, 77% more in absolute terms. With no modern public transportation system in the city, households in Amman also spent considerably more on transport (+48%).

Amman City Review


Understanding Amman Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Amman
Summary 1 Key Facts On Amman 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Amman Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Amman 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Amman, Jordan And Other Cities In Africa & Middle East, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Amman 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Amman 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Amman 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Amman And Jordan, 2016
Summary 3 Amman Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Political Unrest Hampers Tourism Industry
Government Encouraging Use Of Fuel-Efficient Cars
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021