Bangalore City Review


About This Report

Mar 2017

Being a high-flying city known for its IT industry, Bangalore has faced a tough time in recent years after seeing labour productivity in real terms fall by 3.4% over 2011-2016 - comparatively worse than Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata, which witnessed increases of 22-28% over the same period. Nonetheless, the city is expected to make a comeback, with total GDP expected to rise above the national average over 2016-2021.

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Bangalore City Review


Bangalore hosts a highly productive business services sector, but the average labour productivity is very low by global standards. Only 5% of employees in the city worked in business services in 2016, the lowest share among India's metropoles. The average productivity (USD9,300, 2.3 times the national average) in Bangalore was, however, only 19% of that in Seoul, 77% of that in Delhi, and 88% of that in Mumbai in 2016.

Higher household income than most cities in India

Household income in Bangalore (USD14,900 in 2016) is below that of Mumbai (USD16,900) and Delhi (USD22,000), due to a relatively smaller household size and lower labour productivity. However, compared with the rest of the country, Bangalore still enjoys 103% higher disposable income per household.

Greater consumer expenditure

In 2016, total consumer expenditure in Bangalore reached USD22 billion, which was around half that of Mumbai (USD42 billion, the largest urban market in India) and only 15% higher than in Kolkata (USD19 billion). Spending per household (excluding transport and housing) in Bangalore was 66% higher than in other regions of India in 2016.

One of the most affordable cities among metropoles in the BRIC region in terms of transport and housing expenses  

Expenditure per household on transport and housing in the city (USD2,900) exceeded the level elsewhere in India by 106% in 2016. Compared with other metropoles in India, this is 40% cheaper than in Delhi but 82% more expensive than in Kolkata. Among metropoles in the BRIC region, transport and housing were more affordable (apart from Kolkata) only in Novosibirsk, Russia.


Understanding Bangalore Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Bangalore
Summary 1 Key Facts On Bangalore 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Bangalore Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Bangalore 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Bangalore, India And Other Cities In Asia, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Bangalore 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Bangalore 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Bangalore 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Bangalore And India, 2016
Summary 3 Bangalore Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Predominantly Domestic Tourism
Possession Rates Indicates Modern Lifestyle
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021