Bratislava City Review


About This Report

Dec 2017

Bratislava's wealth level is unmatched throughout Eastern Europe. Its GDP per capita of USD41,700 stood 70%, 60% and 39% higher than Warsaw's, Prague's and Ljubljana's, respectively, in 2016. Driven by the success of its enterprises (Bratislava was home to 107 companies out of Europe's 5,000 most profitable companies in 2012-2015, ranking third in Europe) the city's total GDP grew by 16% in real terms over 2011-2016.

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Bratislava City Review


In 2016, Bratislava's labour productivity stood at USD69,500 - 161% higher than of the rest of the country's. This productivity stems from the capital's dominance as the financial centre of Slovakia (out of 26 local and foreign banks in the country, 25 are based in Bratislava). The city's business services sector - the most productive sector - is the largest in the country (business services generated 29% of the total GVA in Bratislava in 2016 versus 15% in the rest of the country).

Higher labour productivity boosts household disposable incomes

Higher labour productivity helped Bratislava's households achieve a disposable income of USD25,800 per household in 2016, 16% higher than in the rest of the country. While disposable income was 17% lower than that of Ljubljana in 2016, it was 28% higher than in Budapest and 21% above Warsaw.

Greater spending on recreation/culture, and healthcare and education

As of 2016, consumer expenditure per household (transport and housing excluded) in Bratislava was 5% higher than in the rest of the country. The largest discrepancies in spending between Bratislava and the rest of the country are seen in the categories of recreation/culture, healthcare and education, with these allocated 58%, 34%, 11% higher levels of expenditure, respectively, in the capital.

Higher spending on housing due to over-valued real estate market

In 2016, combined expenditure on housing and transport in Bratislava stood 10% higher than in the rest of Slovakia. The difference stems from Bratislava's over-valued real estate market. With the average monthly salary, a person in Bratislava could only purchase 0.4 sq m of real estate per month in 2016 - one of the lowest ratios in Europe.

Bratislava City Review


Understanding Bratislava Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Bratislava
Summary 1 Key Facts On Bratislava 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Bratislava Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Bratislava 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Bratislava, Slovakia And Other Cities In Eastern Europe, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Bratislava 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Bratislava 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Bratislava 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Bratislava And Slovakia, 2016
Summary 3 Bratislava Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Bratislava - Slovakia's Leading Airbnb City
Wi-Fi Available On Bratislava's Buses Since
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021