The weak state of the digital landscape is reflected in the country’s position in the EU’s Digital Economy and Society Index 2019, in which Poland ranks 25th out of the 28 EU Member States, slipping from 24th in 2018. In 2020, however, Poland’s position improved slightly as the country climbed to position 23.
In 2020, the percentage of Polish households with access to the internet reached 90% following a concerted effort in the country to expand broadband coverage in the country. As such, the vast majority of the Polish population now have access to broadband internet at home.
In December 2019 the Polish Bureau for Electronic Communication (UKE) started public consultations on awarding radio frequency rights for 5G services. The 5G network is expected to make cellular networks 50 to 100 times faster than they were in 2019.
Mobile services are growing in importance in the daily lives of Polish consumers, with smartphones increasingly considered essential devices. In 2019, more than two thirds of Polish households had a smartphone, with just over half of the Polish population using mobile phones to access the internet.
In 2020, all four telecoms companies active in Poland began to roll out 5G in the country whilst also continuing to invest in 4G LTE networks. The first to roll out 5G was Polkomtel, the operator of the Plus mobile network, which launched its 5G network in Poland on the 2.
In September 2020, the French telecoms group Iliad announced its plans to acquire the Polish mobile service provider Play in a EUR3.5 billion deal.
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