Kiev City Review


About This Report

Nov 2017

Kiev is a large Eastern European city of 3.7 million people in 2016, with an economic potential that still needs to be realised. Compared to its peer metropolises in the wider region, Kiev's GDP per capita is among the lowest. However, the city's educated and ingenious residents explore ways to unlock positive changes and at present are assertively building up Kiev's reputation as a promising IT hub.

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Kiev City Review


Kiev boasts a better educated population than other Ukrainian regions, and accounts for 29% of high value-added jobs in business services in Ukraine. As a result, in 2016, the city recorded labour productivity (measured as GVA per employee) that was more than three times higher than in the rest of Ukraine.

Labour productivity advantage boosts household income

Higher labour productivity is a key factor augmenting the household income level in Kiev compared to the rest of Ukraine. Despite a smaller average household size, per household disposable income in the capital was still over double that of the figure in the remaining country.

Significant share of budget spent on necessities

In comparison to the rest of Ukraine, higher incomes enable households in Kiev to spend on average twice as much on consumer goods and services (other than transport and housing). However, necessities, ie food and non-alcoholic beverages, continue to capture a sizeable proportion in Kievans' household budgets.

Expensive city to live in compared with the rest of the country

Living in Kiev comes with a high price tag in the national context. In 2016, household expenditure on transport and housing in Kiev was three times larger than in the rest of the country. Transport contributes to this differential to a significant extent. Although Kiev's motorisation rate is relatively low by Eastern European standards, it is notably higher compared to the rest of Ukraine (299 versus 160 cars per 1,000 population, respectively, in 2016).

Kiev City Review


Understanding Kiev Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Kiev
Summary 1 Key Facts On Kiev 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Kiev Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Kiev 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Kiev, Ukraine And Other Cities In CIS, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Kiev 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Kiev 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Kiev 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Kiev And Ukraine, 2016
Summary 3 Kiev Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
More Effective Promotion Needed To Boost Kiev's International Tourism
High Internet Penetration Supports E-Commerce Proliferation
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021