Manama City Review


About This Report

May 2017

As of 2016, Manama made up 69% of Bahrain's GDP and was home to 70% of the population. Only 54% of GVA comes from services in Manama as the city still derives a large share of its economic wealth from petroleum-based industries, although with depleting reserves its influence on Manama's economy is falling. Households are generally wealthy in Manama with average disposable income in the city standing at USD90,400 in 2016, increasing by 12% in real terms over 2011.

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Manama City Review


Manama benefits from its petroleum and financial industry which helps prop up labour productivity. Labour productivity in the city was 3.4% greater compared to the rest of the country, although it was significantly behind that of Abu Dhabi, Doha and Riyadh.

One of the most equal income distribution in the region

Per household disposable income in Manama stood at USD90,400 in 2016 but this was still 7.1% lower than in the rest of the country. Although household income levels in the city are not the highest in the Gulf region, Manama's income distribution is one of the most equal in the region.

Greater spending on discretionary items

In 2016, Manama's household expenditure (excluding housing and transport) reached, on average, USD46,600 on consumer items and was 29% above that of the rest of the country. The city's residents allocate only 13% of their total budget to food and non-alcoholic beverages (compared to 23% in Riyadh and 18% in Kuwait City), which leaves a significant share of earnings for discretionary goods.

Spending on household and transport average USD26,000 per household

Housing and transport combined demand, on average, USD26,000 of spending per household in Manama, as of 2016 - 16% more than in the rest of the country. A strong preference for private vehicles drives up transport costs in the city. At the same time, the share of consumer expenditure on housing is relatively smaller in Manama (25%), compared to the 30% average across the Gulf region.

Manama City Review


Understanding Manama Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Manama
Summary 1 Key Facts On Manama 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Manama Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Manama 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Manama, Bahrain And Other Cities In Africa & Middle East, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Manama 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Manama 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Manama 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Manama And Bahrain, 2016
Summary 3 Manama Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Manama's Tourism, Hospitality And Retail Sectors On The Rise
Affluent Households Even By Developed City Standards
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021