Manchester City Review


About This Report

Jun 2017

Manchester is one of the northern British cities struggling to close the north-south development gap inherited from the region's past reliance on manufacturing. It has become a financial, life sciences and computing centre. The government's Northern Powerhouse initiative includes grants and infrastructure projects for the region, for instance the high-speed HS2 rail line to Birmingham. Despite higher economic growth in the city, per-capita GDP and income is predicted to lag behind the UK average

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Manchester City Review


In 2016, labour productivity in the city was USD64,900 - 13% lower than in other parts of the country and 1.7% below the productivity in the UK excluding London. This was despite the highly productive business services sector accounting in Manchester for a greater share than in the UK excluding London (34% of total GVA in Manchester, versus 27% in the UK excluding London, in 2016).

Lower average household income

Weaker labour productivity and higher unemployment in Manchester led to lower average household incomes in the city. In 2016, households in Manchester had on average 16% lower disposable income than those in the rest of the country (7.8% lower than in the UK excluding London).

Lower consumer expenditure

Transport and housing excluded, average consumer expenditure per household in Manchester (USD28,900) was 21% smaller than the average in the rest of UK in 2016 (17% below the UK excluding London). Food and non-alcoholic beverages accounted for a larger share of total expenditure in 2016 (9.3% versus 8.0% in the UK excluding London) and also cost 8.1% more in actual terms. Spending on education was 32% lower than in the rest of the UK, and 20% lower compared to the UK excluding London.

Combined housing and transport costs are below UK average

Personal car ownership in Manchester was 21% below the UK average in 2016, contributing to 17% lower per household spending on transport in the city. In contrast, housing is expensive: 26% more expensive than the average in the UK not including London. Combined, housing and transport costs in Manchester were 3.1% below the average in the UK excluding London in 2016.


Understanding Manchester Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Manchester
Summary 1 Key Facts On Manchester 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Manchester Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Manchester 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Manchester, UK And Other Cities In Western Europe, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Manchester 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Manchester 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Manchester 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Manchester And UK, 2016
Summary 3 Manchester Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Second Most Visited British City, After London; Before 2017 Attack
Home To British Cycling And Team Sky
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021