Marseille City Review


About This Report

Jun 2017

Marseille is a dynamic and competitive French city, with a natural gateway to the Mediterranean Sea. Economic development in Marseille is characterised by robust growth in cutting-edge industries and business clusters. In general, Marseille's economy relies on the services sector (81% of GVA in 2016) with 83% of all jobs in 2016. However, despite a 3.8% labour productivity advantage over the rest of the country, this does not result in higher disposable incomes in Marseille.

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Marseille City Review


Marseille performs relatively well in terms of labour productivity, despite the boost Paris gives to the rest of France. GVA per employee was 3.8% higher in Marseille than in the rest of the country in 2016. The city derives a large part of its economic strength from its port, which is the largest in France, as well as export and tourism activities.

Lower disposable income compared to the rest of the country

A very small premium in labour productivity in Marseille over the rest of France does not result in greater levels of disposable income in the city. Disposable incomes were 3.3% lower in Marseille compared to the rest of the country in 2016. A decreasing share of GVA arising from high value-added sectors, such as business services, and a larger proportion of GVA coming from manufacturing contribute to these results.

Consumers prefer spending on basic necessities

Consumer expenditure per household (excluding transport and housing) in Marseille was smaller compared to the rest of France (-3.5% in 2016). Given lower disposable incomes in the city, households show a greater preference for basic necessities, such as food and non-alcoholic beverages (+2.1% in absolute spending).

Marginally higher spending on transport and housing than the rest of the country

Expenditure on transport and housing per household was 0.4% higher in Marseille than in the rest of France in 2016. The main constraint on the city's affordability is more pronounced spending on housing, which accounts for the largest share of total consumer spending in the city. Meanwhile, public transport in Marseille is underdeveloped, and a much smaller proportion of people use it compared to Paris or Lyon.


Understanding Marseille Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Marseille
Summary 1 Key Facts On Marseille 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Marseille Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Marseille 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Marseille, France And Other Cities In Western Europe, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Marseille 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Marseille 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Marseille 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Marseille And France, 2016
Summary 3 Marseille Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Sports Tourism In On The Rise
Largest Data Gateway
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021