Regional Overview of Latin American Cities

Strategy Briefing

About This Report

Jun 2018

Latin America is among the most urbanised regions of the world. The regional overview explores disparities in consumer spending and consumer lifestyles between the region‘s key cities, as well as provides a quick glimpse into six profiles of Latin American megacities.

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Regional Overview of Latin American Cities

Key urban markets in Latin America are in Brazil, Mexico, Argentina and Chile

While at least 267 million people live in Latin American cities, only a handful ofLatin American countries have significant urban markets. Brazil is one of the mostaffluent countries, and home to at least 10 large metropolitan areas (with at leastthree million people by 2030). Argentina, Mexico and Chile are dominated bytheir capital cities, yet as these are relatively affluent cities they represent thethree other important urban markets in Latin America.

The density of mega-cities is growing rapidly

Large mega-cities in Latin America, such as Buenos Aires, Lima and Bogota, are experiencing rapid population growth and also rapid increases in population density. In contrast, while Brazilian cities are experiencing rapid growth, density is rarely an issue there.

Sub-national inequalities in income and expenditure patterns are least notable in Colombia, Peru and Ecuador

Even small increases in income can cause relatively significant changes inlifestyle and in spending on discretionary items. In fact, Bolivia and Argentina aretwo countries where small differences in income actually drives differences inspending patterns; sub-national inequalities are indeed notable in thesecountries. In contrast, they are least notable in Colombia, Peru and Ecuador.

Ownership of durable goods suggests Guatemalan,Colombian and Ecuadorian cities are among the poorest in Latin America

Household possession of durable goods is one of the indicators that reveals lifestyledifferences between Latin American cities. Less than 20% of households own anair conditioner, tumble drier or dishwasher in Guatemala City, Colombian citiesand Ecuadorian cities, implying the least automated housework in these cities.Mexican cities seem to be more car-dependent than most others in LatinAmerica.

Introduction

Scope
Key findings

Overview of Key Trends

Latin American cities on a map
Global context
City population and density growth
Major consumer markets in Latin America
Key indicators for Latin American cities
Quick recap on key urban indicators

Consumer Profiles

Mapping major cities in Latin America
Population growth in Latin American cities
Total growth in consumer expenditure
Distribution of households by income band
High income households by city
Necessity consumer spending: By country
Differences in consumer spending: Key cities
Consumer spending
State of demographic transition
Ageing in cities
Household size and population age structure
Natural increase: Global comparison
Possession of durable goods: Key cities
Key trends in household possession of durables

City Rankings

GDP rankings
High income household rankings
Education rankings
Rankings by household access to broadband internet
Quick recap on city rankings

Megacities Snapshot

São Paulo city profile
Rio de Janeiro city profile
Buenos Aires city profile
Bogota city profile
Lima city profile
Santiago city profile