Rome City Review


About This Report

Oct 2017

Located in the Lazio region, Rome brings thousands of tourists to its old-fashioned city every year. However, Rome's economy has not yet picked up, suffering from a weak labour market, political unrest and lack of leadership. Generally, Rome is a service-based economy dominated by commercial activities, research centres and high-tech companies. Meanwhile, Rome's quality of life is also worsened by traffic congestion, air pollution and waste management issues.

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Rome City Review


Italy's administrative centre and a major international tourist hub, Rome, records labour productivity (GVA per employee) that is 20% higher than elsewhere in the country, as of 2016. However, the city lags behind Milan, Italy's financial, trade and fashion centre, as well as many other Western European metropolises.

High labour productivity is offset by high unemployment

Higher labour productivity is a major factor behind Rome's household disposable income being 12% above the rest of the country's average, as of 2016. Yet, household earnings in the capital are suppressed (in particular, when compared with Milan) due to high unemployment in the city.

Strong tourist flows boost discretionary consumer spending

Consumer expenditure per household (excluding housing and transport) in Rome was 8.6% higher compared to the rest of the country in 2016. Necessities (ie food and housing) capture more than a third of Romans' budgets. Meanwhile, discretionary consumer spending in Rome is bolstered by strong tourist flows.

Greater household expenditure on housing and transport

Household expenditure on housing and transport was 15% higher in the city compared with the rest of the country in 2016. The difference is largely driven by transport expenses, which are elevated in the capital due to a limited public transport network and a strong preference for cars. In terms of housing, Rome is more favoured than Milan thanks to cheaper rents in the capital.


Understanding Rome Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Rome
Summary 1 Key Facts On Rome 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Rome Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Rome 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Rome, Italy And Other Cities In Western Europe, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Rome 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Rome 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Rome 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Rome And Italy, 2016
Summary 3 Rome Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Tourism Limitations In Rome
Broadband Internet Developments In The Capital
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021