Sustainability: Algeria

September 2021

Algeria’s low ranking in the global Environmental Sustainability Index is a result of its exceptionally weak performance in the biodiversity security, air pollution, water stress and energy sustainability indicators. As the great majority of Algeria’s energy is produced from fossil fuels, the country continues to be affected by elevated air pollution. Meanwhile, minimal and falling renewable water resources are further burdened by low precipitation levels and high water pollution.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

Income and Expenditure: Insights into income, wealth and expenditure of consumers are vital in helping businesses make strategic decisions with regards to which country (or even which region within a country) to enter, which consumer segment to target, which products or services to market, and at which price point. Other factors such as the size and expansion of the middle class and income inequality are also important in helping companies gauge the potential of a country market.

Households: Global shifts in gender, ageing, migration and housing are transforming the size, location,  general make-up as well as income and expenditure of households around the globe, with diverse implications for governments and companies. Households insights can help identify the decision-making processes and consumption tastes of different household groups and types within a country, and assess household appliance and digital readiness that is key for formulating market technology and internet strategies.

Business Dynamics: A stable and competitive business environment is vital to operate efficiently and attract inward investment. Businesses can assess these factors alongside challenges such as corruption, political instability and terrorism, also gain insight into business operating environment and make strategic investment decisions. Transport infrastructure, ICT readiness and labour force dynamics will also identify potential issues with a supply chain and the level of workforce skills.

Sustainability: Insights on key sectors directly related to the environmental sustainability of a country such as energy, water, pollution, environmental resilience, forest and biodiversity and food and agriculture help businesses to make strategic decisions in relation to environmental and sustainability trends, improve brand reputation and ensure long-term operations while ultimately growing the bottom line.

The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Sustainability: Algeria



Algeria to expand renewable energy capacity, as reliance on fossil fuels remains extensive
Government’s commitment to reduce CO2 emissions attracts private sector support
Reforestation efforts to see only minor success, hampered by recurring forest fires
Boosting capacities of desalination plants to tackle water shortages
Lower dependency on imports to be achieved as the government introduces new agricultural policies
Coping with fires to remain a challenge


Chart 1 Environmental Sustainability Index Algeria Chart 2 Global Sustainability Ranking: Algeria Chart 3 Energy Ranking: Algeria Chart 4 Energy Availability Landscape in Algeria Chart 5 Energy Efficiency, Security and Equity Landscape in Algeria Chart 6 Pollution Ranking: Algeria Chart 7 Air Pollution in Algeria Chart 8 Waste and Water Pollution Landscape in Algeria Chart 9 Forest and Biodiversity Ranking: Algeria Chart 10 Forest and Biodiversity Landscape in Algeria Chart 11 Water Ranking: Algeria Chart 12 Water Availability, Equity and Security Landscape in Algeria Chart 13 Water Security and Efficiency Landscape in Algeria Chart 14 Food and Agriculture Ranking: Algeria Chart 15 Food and Agriculture Landscape in Algeria Chart 16 Role of Agriculture in the Economy of Algeria Chart 17 Environmental Resilience Ranking: Algeria Chart 18 Environmental Resilience Landscape in Algeria

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