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Sustainability: Hong Kong

September 2021

Hong Kong is heavily dependent on food, agricultural products, fossil fuels and water imports, primarily from mainland China, which makes it prone to global price fluctuations and prevailing political tensions with Beijing. Hong Kong’s water supply is strongly reliant on the Chinese Dongjiang River Basin which suffers from overuse and pollution. The government strongly supports transition to a low-carbon economy offering generous incentives for renewable energy generation.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

Income and Expenditure: Insights into income, wealth and expenditure of consumers are vital in helping businesses make strategic decisions with regards to which country (or even which region within a country) to enter, which consumer segment to target, which products or services to market, and at which price point. Other factors such as the size and expansion of the middle class and income inequality are also important in helping companies gauge the potential of a country market.

Households: Global shifts in gender, ageing, migration and housing are transforming the size, location,  general make-up as well as income and expenditure of households around the globe, with diverse implications for governments and companies. Households insights can help identify the decision-making processes and consumption tastes of different household groups and types within a country, and assess household appliance and digital readiness that is key for formulating market technology and internet strategies.

Business Dynamics: A stable and competitive business environment is vital to operate efficiently and attract inward investment. Businesses can assess these factors alongside challenges such as corruption, political instability and terrorism, also gain insight into business operating environment and make strategic investment decisions. Transport infrastructure, ICT readiness and labour force dynamics will also identify potential issues with a supply chain and the level of workforce skills.

Sustainability: Insights on key sectors directly related to the environmental sustainability of a country such as energy, water, pollution, environmental resilience, forest and biodiversity and food and agriculture help businesses to make strategic decisions in relation to environmental and sustainability trends, improve brand reputation and ensure long-term operations while ultimately growing the bottom line.

The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Sustainability: Hong Kong



Hong Kong to promote renewables among its population
Air pollution to remain elevated due to huge transportation sector
Expansion of the city will threaten forestry and marine environment
Local water yield provided for less than 30% of Hong Kongese in 2020
Hong Kong to remain susceptible to external food supply disruptions
Climate change coping mechanisms to help tackle the adverse weather events


Chart 1 Energy Availability Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 2 Energy Efficiency, Security and Equity Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 3 Air Pollution: Hong Kong Chart 4 Waste and Water Pollution Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 5 Forest and Biodiversity Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 6 Water Availability, Equity and Security Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 7 Water Security and Efficiency Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 8 Food and Agriculture Landscape: Hong Kong Chart 9 Role of Agriculture in the Economy: Hong Kong Chart 10 Environmental Resilience Landscape: Hong Kong

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