Tianjin City Review


About This Report

Feb 2017

China's third-largest city by population, Tianjin, is home to 17 million people, and part of the Jingjinji megaregion. With its GDP rising by 71% in constant value terms over 2011-2016, Tianjin was the fastest-expanding among Euromonitor's 126 world cities. Its economy focuses on manufacturing, but the city is transforming into a more service-oriented economy, with an emphasis on business services.

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Tianjin City Review


Tianjin's labour productivity exceeded the average for the rest of the country by 111% in 2016. In addition to being the largest commercial port in North China, the city has relatively high levels of higher education attainment (21% of the population aged 15+, compared with 12% in the rest of the country in 2016).

Lower labour force participation and smaller household size reduce per household income

Despite outstanding labour productivity, disposable income per household in Tianjin was only 26% above the average in the rest of the country in 2016. The lower labour force participation rate, of only 68% versus 78% in the rest of the country, and smaller households' size (2.7 versus 3.0) reduces per household incomes in the city compared to the rest of the country.

Higher consumer spending

Consumer spending per household (excluding transport and housing) in the city was USD9,820, 40% higher than in the rest of the country in 2016. Households in Tianjin allocated 46% more to communications, 53% more to health and medical services, and as much as 54% more for hotels and restaurants compared to the rest of the country.

Comparatively greater spending on housing and transport than the rest of the country

The combined per household expenditure on housing and transport in Tianjin was 30% above the level elsewhere in the country in 2016. Housing is comparatively less expensive in Tianjin (26% more expensive in value terms, but 16% of expenditure versus 17% in the rest of the country) while transport is slightly more costly (8% of expenditure versus 7.6% in the rest of the country).


Understanding Tianjin Review structure
Chart 1 Overview
Key facts on Tianjin
Summary 1 Key Facts On Tianjin 2011, 2016, 2021


Delimitation of the metropolitan region
Chart 2 Map Of Tianjin Metropolitan Area
Main business districts


Industrial make-up
Chart 3 Industrial Composition Of Tianjin 2016
Chart 4 Labour Productivity: Selected Cities 2016
Recent developments and outlook
Chart 5 Dynamics Of Real GDP In Tianjin, China And Other Cities In Asia, 2011-2021
Summary 2 Labour Market Changes In Tianjin 2011, 2016


City demographics
Chart 6 Population By Age 2016
Chart 7 Drivers Of Population Growth In Tianjin 2011-2016
Household income
Chart 8 Household Distribution By Income In Tianjin 2016 And 2021


Structure of household budget
Chart 9 Comparison Of Household Expenditure In Tianjin And China, 2016
Summary 3 Tianjin Household Budget Structure By Consumer Expenditure Item, % of total, 2011, 2016, 2021
City lifestyle
Tourism Gains Momentum On Cruise Terminal, Historic Heritage
Congestion A Problem Amid Rising Motorisation
City affordability
Chart 10 Household Expenditure On Housing: Selected Cities 2016
Chart 11 Household Expenditure On Transport: Selected Cities 2016



Summary 4 GDP Development, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 5 GDP By Origin, Current Prices, US$, Million, 2011-2016
Summary 6 Population And Labour Force, 2011-2016
Summary 7 Employed Population By Economic Sector, % of total, 2011-2016
Summary 8 Population By Sex And Broad Age Groups, ‘000, 2011-2016
Summary 9 Population Growth, 2011-2016
Summary 10 Forecast Population Growth
Summary 11 Population By Educational Attainment, 2011-2016
Summary 12 Structure Of Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, 2011-2016
Summary 13 Consumer Expenditure By Main Category, Per Household, Constant (2016) Prices, US$, 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 14 Households By Income Band, % Of Total, Constant (2016) Prices 2011, 2016, 2021
Summary 15 Households By Income Band, ‘000, Current Prices 2011-2016
Summary 16 Inflation, 2011-2016
Summary 17 Transport Indicators, 2011-2016
Summary 18 Air Pollution, Concentration In Micrograms Per Cubic Metre, 2011-2016
Summary 19 Possession of Consumer Durables, % of Households, 2011, 2016, 2021