Economy, Finance and Trade: Bangladesh

March 2022

Despite the negative impact of the pandemic, Bangladesh’s economy continued to grow in 2021. Over the medium term, accommodative monetary and fiscal policies, as well as the expected progress in vaccinations are set to further support domestic consumption and capital investment. Meanwhile, surging foreign demand for readymade garments is set to fuel higher exports. Nonetheless, persisting pandemic-related risks and supply constraints raise uncertainty and weigh on the country’s economic outlook.

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Overview:

The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

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Business Dynamics: A stable and competitive business environment is vital to operate efficiently and attract inward investment. Businesses can assess these factors alongside challenges such as corruption, political instability and terrorism, also gain insight into business operating environment and make strategic investment decisions. Transport infrastructure, ICT readiness and labour force dynamics will also identify potential issues with a supply chain and the level of workforce skills.

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The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Economy, Finance and Trade: Bangladesh

HEADLINES

PROSPECTS

Strong exports and improving domestic demand to support economic growth in Bangladesh
Bangladesh Bank maintains expansionary policy to support economic growth
Global demand for readymade garments to support export growth, yet competition with members of a new trade bloc poses downside risks
Capital investment to be supported by implementation of major infrastructure projects
Public finances were hit by the pandemic, yet public debt remains sustainable

ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE

Chart 1 Economic Landscape of Bangladesh: 2021-2040 Chart 2 Real GDP Growth in Bangladesh: 2010-2040 Chart 3 GDP Size and Growth: 2016-2040 Chart 4 Gross Value Added by Sector in Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 5 Domestic Demand: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021 Chart 6 Productivity: 2016/2021 Chart 7 Productivity by Sector in Bangladesh: 2021 and CAGR 2016-2021

MONETARY INDICATORS

Chart 8 Monetary Landscape of Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 9 Inflation: 2010-2040 Chart 10 Average Inflation: 2010-2040 Chart 11 Interest Rates in Bangladesh: 2010-2022 Chart 12 Exchange Rates: 2010-2021 Chart 13 Money Supply Growth and Money Velocity in Bangladesh: 2015-2022

FOREIGN TRADE

Chart 14 Foreign Trade Landscape of Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 15 Exports in Bangladesh: 2014-2021 Chart 16 Exports by Commodity in Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 17 Top 10 Export Destinations: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021 Chart 18 Imports in Bangladesh: 2014-2021 Chart 19 Imports by Commodity in Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 20 Top 10 Import Origins: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021

INVESTMENTS

Chart 21 Investment Landscape of Bangladesh: 2020-2021 Chart 22 FDI Intensity: 2020 Chart 23 Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh: 2015-2020 Chart 24 Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Bangladesh: 2010-2021

GOVERNMENT FINANCE

Chart 25 Government Budget Landscape of Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 26 Public Debt: 2021 Chart 27 Government Revenue: 2021 Chart 28 Government Expenditure: 2021 Chart 29 Government Expenditure by Economic Type in Bangladesh: 2021 Chart 30 Government Expenditure by Function in Bangladesh: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021
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