Economy, Finance and Trade: Qatar

March 2021

In 2020, the oil price shock and the COVID-19 pandemic severely impacted Qatar’s economy. The pandemic containment measures resulted in growing unemployment and subdued consumer demand translating into deflation and GDP contraction. Despite an adverse economic environment, the country remained attractive to foreign investment. In 2021, the economy is projected to rebound, due to the generous COVID-19 support package from the government.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

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The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Economy, Finance and Trade: Qatar



Qatar’s real annual GDP plummeted, due to the oil price shock and the COVID-19 pandemic
The economic contraction caused deflation and facilitated an increase in interest rates
Exports collapsed, due to the decline in the demand for oil products
FDI inflows are expected to increase because of the FIFA World Cup 2022
Public debt spiked due to the COVID-19 support package


Chart 1 Economic Landscape of Qatar: 2020 Chart 2 Real GDP Growth in Qatar: 2010-2040 Chart 3 GDP Size and Growth: 2015-2040 Chart 4 Gross Value Added by Sector in Qatar: 2020 Chart 5 Domestic Demand: 2015 and 2020 Chart 6 Standartised Business Confidence Index: 2010-2021 Chart 7 Standartised Consumer Confidence Index: 2010-2021 Chart 8 Productivity: 2015 and 2020 Chart 9 Productivity by Sector in Qatar: 2020


Chart 10 Monetary Landscape of Qatar: 2020 Chart 11 Inflation: 2010-2040 Chart 12 Average Inflation: 2010-2040 Chart 13 Interest Rates in Qatar: 2010-2021 Chart 14 Exchange Rates: 2010-2020 Chart 15 Money Supply Growth and Money Velocity in Qatar: 2015-2021


Chart 16 Foreign Trade Landscape of Qatar: 2020 Chart 17 Exports in Qatar: 2014-2021 Chart 18 Exports by Commodity in Qatar: 2020 Chart 19 Top 10 Export Destinations: 2020 Chart 20 Imports in Qatar: 2014-2021 Chart 21 Imports by Commodity in Qatar: 2020 Chart 22 Top 10 Import Origins: 2020


Chart 23 Investment Landscape of Qatar: 2020 Chart 24 FDI intensity: 2019 Chart 25 Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and Outflows in Qatar: 2014-2019 Chart 26 Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Qatar: 2010-2020


Chart 27 Government Budget Landscape of Qatar: 2020 Chart 28 Public Debt: 2020 Chart 29 Government Revenue: 2020 Chart 30 Government Expenditure: 2020 Chart 31 Government Expenditure by Economic Type in Qatar: 2020 Chart 32 Government Expenditure by Function in Qatar: 2020

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