Global Market Overview of Beef

September 2022

The briefing examines how the commodity market for beef performs globally and in the largest countries in terms of supply and consumption. The report also provides data and analysis on beef price dynamics, key meat consuming industries, as well as exports and imports for the countries with the largest markets for meat and meat products consumption.

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This report comes in PPT.

Key findings

Beef production to grow over the long term, but at a slow rate

According to the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2022-2031, global beef production is forecast to grow over the long term, driven by rising global demand for protein. However, growth will be relatively slow, as consumers increasingly opt for poultry, due to its greater affordability, better dietary properties and the adverse environmental impact of cattle farming. Thus, the growth rate for beef output through to 2031 is projected to be only half that for growth in production volume of poultry and pork.

Developing countries in Asia will drive future growth in global beef demand

Despite weakening beef demand in per capita terms in many developed countries, total global beef consumption is set to increase over the next decade. Growth will be largely driven by demand in developing countries in Asia, where per capita beef consumption is still very low. Strong population growth, rapid urbanisation and the increasing purchasing power of the expanding middle class will be the major forces driving growth in beef consumption in the region over the long term.

High prices are expected to subdue consumers’ appetite for beef in the short term

Global prices of beef have been on the rise, driven by high input costs, demand from the reviving hospitality sector and tighter supply across some major producers. Although beef prices are forecast to stabilise in the second half of 2022, they are anticipated to remain high over the short to medium term. With household purchasing power being hit by sharp rises in the cost of living globally, consumers are expected to reduce their intake of more expensive beef in favour of cheaper protein alternatives.

Beef producers are faced with mounting sustainability pressures

The sustainability of meat production is of rising importance, with consumers looking for environment-friendly, humanely raised, locally sourced and organic produce, especially in high-income countries. As cattle farming is widely associated with high greenhouse gas emissions, extensive water use and deforestation, beef producers are facing growing competition from more environment-friendly options, such as poultry and plant-based foods, and are having to embrace sustainable production methods.

Key findings
Key trends impacting beef market in 2022
Falling production in Brazil dragged down global beef output growth in 2021
A surge in beef prices has been driven by solid demand and soaring input costs
Quarterly price analysis table
The US and Brazil continue to dominate global production of beef
The US saw the largest rise in beef output in absolute volume terms over 2021-2026
The US: Higher cattle culling and slaughter rates to support beef output growth in 2022
Brazil: Beef output to increase driven by growing foreign demand and strong prices
China: Beef production remains concentrated in the hands of small-scale producers
China boasts the biggest market for meat in total, but the US is the largest beef consumer
China: COVID-19 restrictions to limit beef consumption growth in 2022
US: Demand for beef is expected to slow down in response to inflation
Russia: Declining purchasing power to subdue consumer demand for beef and veal
Recovering foodservice sector contributes to growth in global beef demand
Restaurants and bars: Rebounding social activities to support the sector’s demand for beef
Coffee, tea, spices and ready meals: Industry turnover growth to slow down
Hospitals, medical and dental services: Resumption of procedures supports sector’s growth
Public administration, defence and social security: Sector set to witness steady growth
Top 10 country profile: US
Top 10 country profile: Brazil
Top 10 country profile: China
Top 10 country profile: Argentina
Top 10 country profile: India
Top 10 country profile: Pakistan
Top 10 country profile: Australia
Top 10 country profile: Mexico
Top 10 country profile: Russia
Top 10 country profile: France
Key challenges and opportunities
Economic forecasts


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