The report provides a global overview of production, consumption and prices of rice. After a relatively stable 2021, the rice market is registering uncertainty in 2022. China and India remained the key producers of the commodity, however, extreme weather in 2022 as well as export restrictions in India are causing turbulence and shifts in global markets. Meanwhile, demand is growing for affordable food staples such as rice, especially among more vulnerable consumer groups.
This report comes in PPT.
Rice, a staple food in the majority of Asia, is set on a growth path, as the calorie-dense food is a cheaper substitute for currently highly inflation-impacted food staples. Furthermore, rice’s use as animal feed is also set to stimulate the commodity’s demand in 2022 - especially in light of growing price inflation of more traditional feeds in 2022.
India sustained its leadership position as the largest rice exporter in the world in 2021, however, increasing risks around the country’s food security are pushing the government to limit foreign trade in the commodity in 2022. Meanwhile, other major exporters, such as Thailand and Vietnam, have potential to increase their foreign trade, expanding their role in the rice export market.
The increasingly adverse weather is threatening rice farming in the largest producing region, Asia Pacific. For example, in 2022, heatwaves in China, floods in Pakistan and heavy winds and heavy rain in Bangladesh all have had a significantly damaging effect on 2022-2023 harvest prospects. As extreme weather events are increasing in their severity and frequency, rice production output is heavily reliant on farmers’ ability to adapt.
Rice prices peaked in 2021, however various global events, such as declining production levels during the current season and export restrictions coming from India, the largest global exporter, have the potential to sustain elevated prices for the commodity over the short-term outlook.
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