Business Dynamics: Bangladesh

January 2022

High corruption levels, underdeveloped infrastructure and difficult access to financing are among the key obstacles to doing business in Bangladesh. The unproductive labour force is another major factor hindering faster economic development, partly driven by low attainment of higher educational and the significant gender gap in employment. Nevertheless, new infrastructural investments and gradually rising digitalisation are able to improve the country’s attractiveness.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

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Business Dynamics: Bangladesh



Corruption continues to hinder business environment in Bangladesh


Financing in Bangladesh remains underdeveloped


Lack of educational attainment leads to a low-qualified labour market


Need for infrastructural investment in Bangladesh to sustain economic growth


Lack of productivity in light of low digitalisation and innovation progress


Chart 1 Operational and Legal Environment Key Indicators Chart 2 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking by Pillar in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2021 Chart 3 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking 2016-2021 Chart 4 Index of Economic Freedom: Judicial Effectiveness Pillar Rank in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2017-2021 Chart 5 Index of Economic Freedom: Government Integrity Pillar Rank in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2016-2021 Chart 6 Corruption Perceptions Ranking: Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2015-2020


Chart 7 Key Financial and Investment Indicators Chart 8 Index of Economic Freedom: Property Rights Pillar Rank in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2016-2021 Chart 9 Bank Claims on the Private Sector as % of GDP 2016-2021 Chart 10 Bank Nonperforming Loans to Total Gross Loans 2016-2021


Chart 11 Key Skills and Labour Indicators Chart 12 Population Aged 15+ with Higher Education 2016-2021 Chart 13 Education Indicators 2021 Chart 14 Number of University Graduates by Programme 2021 Chart 15 Employment by Age 2021 Chart 16 Employment by Gender 2021 Chart 17 Youth Unemployment Rate 2016-2021 Chart 18 Labour Structure Change 2016-2021 Chart 19 Labour Structure Comparison 2021 Chart 20 Self Employed as % of Total Employed Population 2021 Chart 21 Index of Economic Freedom: Labour Pillar Rank in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2016-2021 Chart 22 Wage per Hour in Manufacturing Sector 2016-2021 Chart 23 Labour Market Regulations in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2021


Chart 24 Key Infrastructure Indicators Chart 25 Logistics Performance Index Scores by Pillar in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2021 Chart 26 Logistics Performance Index Ranking for Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2016-2021 Chart 27 Transportation Mode Indicators in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison Chart 28 Road Infrastructure 2021


Chart 29 Innovation and Digitalisation Key Indicators Chart 30 Network Readiness Ranking by Pillar in Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2021 Chart 31 Network Readiness Ranking for Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2019-2021 Chart 32 Network Readiness Ranking: Technology Pillar for Bangladesh and Regional Comparison 2019-2021 Chart 33 Intellectual Property: Bangladesh Compared to Selected Regional Peers 2021


Index of Economic Freedom 2021


Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2021


Network Readiness Index (NRI) 2021

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