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Business Dynamics: Peru

February 2021

Peru’s stance in Doing Business 2020 continued to decline, due to an inefficient judicial system, complex procedures for starting a business, paying taxes, and trading. Despite low interest rates in 2020, a weak financial system and low confidence continue limiting access to finance. Peruvian higher education attainment is relatively solid regionally, yet skills shortages prevail. Transport and ICT infrastructure lack investment, leaving Peru lagging behind leading regional peers.

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Overview:

The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

Income and Expenditure: Insights into income, wealth and expenditure of consumers are vital in helping businesses make strategic decisions with regards to which country (or even which region within a country) to enter, which consumer segment to target, which products or services to market, and at which price point. Other factors such as the size and expansion of the middle class and income inequality are also important in helping companies gauge the potential of a country market.

Households: Global shifts in gender, ageing, migration and housing are transforming the size, location,  general make-up as well as income and expenditure of households around the globe, with diverse implications for governments and companies. Households insights can help identify the decision-making processes and consumption tastes of different household groups and types within a country, and assess household appliance and digital readiness that is key for formulating market technology and internet strategies.

Business Dynamics: A stable and competitive business environment is vital to operate efficiently and attract inward investment. Businesses can assess these factors alongside challenges such as corruption, political instability and terrorism, also gain insight into business operating environment and make strategic investment decisions. Transport infrastructure, ICT readiness and labour force dynamics will also identify potential issues with a supply chain and the level of workforce skills.

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The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Business Dynamics: Peru

HEADLINES

OPERATIONAL AND REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT

Lack of reforms continues hindering Peru’s business environment and the country’s competitiveness
Tax burden is lower compared to regional peers, while paying taxes remain complex and time-consuming

FINANCING AND INVESTMENT

Getting credit remains relatively complex, but better than regional peers

SKILLS AND LABOUR

Higher education attainment level is among the highest regionally, while the informal labour market remains a looming issue

TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Weak infrastructure and complex trading hinder Peru’s competitiveness

DIGITALISATION AND INNOVATION

Low internet penetration and R&D spending curb Peru’s innovation potential

OPERATIONAL AND LEGAL ENVIRONMENT

Chart 1 Operational and Legal Environment Key Indicators Chart 2 Ease of Doing Business Ranking by Pillar Regional Comparison 2020 Chart 3 Ease of Doing Business Ranking Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 4 Ease of Doing Business Indicators: Time Needed to Start/Close a Business 2020 Chart 5 Ease of Doing Business Indicators: Costs Incurred to Start and Operate a Business 2020 Chart 6 Tax Rates 2020 Chart 7 Insolvency Recovery Rate by Secured Creditors in Peru and Regional Comparison 2020 Chart 8 Global Competitiveness Ranking by Pillar in Peru and Regional Comparison 2019 Chart 9 Global Competitiveness Ranking for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 10 Global Competitiveness Index: Macroeconomic Stability Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 11 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking by Pillar in Peru and Regional Comparison 2020 Chart 12 Index of Economic Freedom Ranking Over Time 2015-2020 Chart 13 Index of Economic Freedom: Judicial Effectiveness Pillar Rank in Peru and Regional Comparison 2017-2020 Chart 14 Index of Economic Freedom: Government Integrity Pillar Rank in Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 15 Number of New Businesses and Annual Real GDP Growth in Peru 2015-2020 Chart 16 New Business Density in Peru Compared to Regional Average 2015-2020 Chart 17 Operational Environment in Peru and Regional Comparison 2019 Chart 18 Corruption Perceptions Ranking: Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019

FINANCING AND INVESTMENTS

Chart 19 Key Financial and Investment Indicators Chart 20 Ease of Doing Business Ranking: Getting Credit Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 21 Soundness of Credit Information: Credit Bureau Coverage 2020 Chart 22 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Financial Systems Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 23 Ease of Doing Business Ranking: Protecting Minority Investors Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 24 Index of Economic Freedom: Property Rights Pillar Rank in Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 25 Number of Companies Admitted to Listing on the Exchange and Market Capitalisation Dynamics 2015-2019 Chart 26 Stock Market Index in Peru and Selected Regional Countries 2015-2020 Chart 27 Stocks Traded as % of GDP in Peru and Selected Regional Economies 2014-2019 Chart 28 Bank Claims on the Private Sector as % of GDP 2015-2020

SKILLS AND LABOUR

Chart 29 Key Skills and Labour Indicators Chart 30 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Skills Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 31 Population Aged 15+ with Higher Education 2015-2020 Chart 32 Education Indicators 2020 Chart 33 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Labour Market Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 34 Employment by Age 2020 Chart 35 Employment by Gender 2020 Chart 36 Labour Structure Change over 2015-2020 Chart 37 Labour Structure Comparison 2020 Chart 38 Self Employed as % of Total Employed Population 2020 Chart 39 Index of Economic Freedom: Labour Pillar Rank in Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 40 Minimum Wage per Hour over 2015-2020 Chart 41 Wage per Hour in Manufacturing Sector over 2015-2020 Chart 42 Labour Market Regulations in Peru and Regional Comparison Chart 43 Employment by Industry Sector 2020

TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Chart 44 Key Infrastructure Indicators Chart 45 Logistics Performance Index Scores by Pillar in Peru and Regional Comparison 2020 Chart 46 Logistics Performance Index Ranking for Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 47 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Product Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 48 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Infrastructure Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 49 Transportation Mode Indicators in Peru and Regional Comparison Chart 50 Road Infrastructure 2020 Chart 51 Ease of Doing Business Ranking: Trading Across Borders Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2015-2020 Chart 52 Transaction Time for Trading Across Borders 2020 Chart 53 Costs of Trade Transactions Across Borders 2020 Chart 54 Global Competitiveness Ranking: Market Size Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019

DIGITALISATION AND INNOVATION

Chart 55 Innovation and Digitalisation Key Indicators Chart 56 Network Readiness Ranking by Pillar in Peru and Regional Comparison 2020 Chart 57 Network Readiness Ranking for Peru and Regional Comparison 2019-2020 Chart 58 Network Readiness Ranking: Technology Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2019-2020 Chart 59 Global Competitiveness Ranking: ICT Adoption Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 60 Global Competitiveness Index: Innovation Pillar for Peru and Regional Comparison 2014-2019 Chart 61 Intellectual Property: Peru Compared to Selected Regional Peers

APPENDIX A

The World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business Index (Doing Business) 2020

APPENDIX B

The Global Competitive Index (GCI) 2019

APPENDIX C

The 2020 Index of Economic Freedom

APPENDIX D

The Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2020

APPENDIX E

The Network Readiness Index (NRI) 2020
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