Economy, Finance and Trade: Argentina

March 2023

Argentina's economy faces challenges due to high inflation, uncertainty in macroeconomic policies and low investment. Inflation is expected to remain the main challenge, impacting private consumption. Unemployment is expected to rise, and fiscal imbalances must be addressed. To increase productivity and exports, a better business environment is necessary, along with targeted social transfers and tax and pension system reviews.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

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Economy, Finance and Trade: Argentina


Soaring inflation to remain the key challenge for Argentina’s economy
The Central Bank raised interest rates nine times in 2022 to deal with hyper inflation
High commodity prices boost Argentina's exports revenue
Heightened economic uncertainty and geopolitical tensions dampen FDI outlook
Argentina's public debt falls in 2022, but debt vulnerabilities rise due to inflation and interest rates


Chart 1 Economic Landscape of Argentina 2022-2027
Chart 2 Real GDP Growth in Argentina 2010-2027
Chart 3 GDP Size and Growth 2017-2027
Chart 4 Gross Value Added by Sector in Argentina 2022
Chart 5 Domestic Demand 2022 and Period Growth 2017-2022
Chart 6 Standardised Consumer Confidence Index 2017-2024
Chart 7 Productivity 2017/2022
Chart 8 Productivity by Sector in Argentina 2022 and CAGR 2017-2022
Chart 9 Monetary Landscape of Argentina 2022
Chart 10 Inflation 2017-2027
Chart 11 Average Inflation 2017-2027
Chart 12 Interest Rates in Argentina 2017-2024
Chart 13 Exchange Rates 2017-2024
Chart 14 Money Supply Growth and Money Velocity in Argentina 2017-2024
Chart 15 Foreign Trade Landscape of Argentina 2022
Chart 16 Exports and Export Price Index in Argentina 2017-2022
Chart 17 Exports by Commodity in Argentina 2022
Chart 18 Top 10 Export Destinations 2022 and Period Growth 2017-2022
Chart 19 Imports and Import Price Index in Argentina 2017-2022
Chart 20 Imports by Commodity in Argentina 2022
Chart 21 Top 10 Import Origins 2022 and Period Growth 2017-2022
Chart 22 Investment Landscape of Argentina 2021-2022
Chart 23 Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and FDI Intensity 2021
Chart 24 Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and Outflows in Argentina 2016-2021
Chart 25 Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Argentina 2017-2024
Chart 26 Government Budget Landscape of Argentina 2022
Chart 27 Public Debt 2022
Chart 28 Government Revenue 2022
Chart 29 Government Expenditure 2022
Chart 30 Government Expenditure by Economic Type in Argentina 2022
Chart 31 Government Expenditure by Function in Argentina 2022 and Period Growth 2017-2022
Chart 32 Baseline and Scenario Forecasts in Argentina 2020-2026

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