Economy, Finance and Trade: Iraq

March 2022

The report provides information on the economic landscape, major monetary indicators, foreign trade, investments and government finance in Iraq. In 2021, the country’s economy expanded in real terms, driven by increasing domestic consumption, public investment and external demand. However, the persisting pandemic-related risks, supply constraints and global inflationary pressures raise uncertainty and weigh on the country’s economic outlook.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

Economy, Finance and Trade: Understanding the structure, health and potential risks of an economy are important for decision-making within an existing operating environment as well as for expansion strategies. Real GDP growth, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations will directly impact consumer market potential. Import and export trade profiles help gauge how open an economy is to trade and investment, while analysis of government finances can be used to explore macroeconomic stability and susceptibility to economic shocks.

Income and Expenditure: Insights into income, wealth and expenditure of consumers are vital in helping businesses make strategic decisions with regards to which country (or even which region within a country) to enter, which consumer segment to target, which products or services to market, and at which price point. Other factors such as the size and expansion of the middle class and income inequality are also important in helping companies gauge the potential of a country market.

Households: Global shifts in gender, ageing, migration and housing are transforming the size, location,  general make-up as well as income and expenditure of households around the globe, with diverse implications for governments and companies. Households insights can help identify the decision-making processes and consumption tastes of different household groups and types within a country, and assess household appliance and digital readiness that is key for formulating market technology and internet strategies.

Business Dynamics: A stable and competitive business environment is vital to operate efficiently and attract inward investment. Businesses can assess these factors alongside challenges such as corruption, political instability and terrorism, also gain insight into business operating environment and make strategic investment decisions. Transport infrastructure, ICT readiness and labour force dynamics will also identify potential issues with a supply chain and the level of workforce skills.

Commodities: Insights on key sectors directly related to the environmental commodities of a country such as energy, water, pollution, environmental resilience, forest and biodiversity and food and agriculture help businesses to make strategic decisions in relation to environmental and commodities trends, improve brand reputation and ensure long-term operations while ultimately growing the bottom line.

The briefings cover 103 countries and identify topics of crucial interest to planners, marketers and researchers.

Economy, Finance and Trade: Iraq


Chart 1 Economic Landscape of Iraq: 2021-2040
Chart 2 Real GDP Growth in Iraq: 2010-2040
Chart 3 GDP Size and Growth: 2016-2040
Chart 4 Gross Value Added by Sector in Iraq: 2021
Chart 5 Domestic Demand: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021
Chart 6 Productivity: 2016/2021
Chart 7 Productivity by Sector in Iraq: 2021 and CAGR 2016-2021
Chart 8 Monetary Landscape of Iraq: 2021
Chart 9 Inflation: 2010-2040
Chart 10 Average Inflation: 2010-2040
Chart 11 Interest Rates in Iraq: 2010-2022
Chart 12 Exchange Rates: 2010-2021
Chart 13 Money Supply Growth and Money Velocity in Iraq: 2015-2022
Chart 14 Foreign Trade Landscape of Iraq: 2021
Chart 15 Exports and Export Price Index in Iraq: 2014-2021
Chart 16 Exports by Commodity in Iraq: 2021
Chart 17 Top 10 Export Destinations: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021
Chart 18 Imports and Import Price Index in Iraq: 2014-2021
Chart 19 Imports by Commodity in Iraq: 2021
Chart 20 Top 10 Import Origins: 2021 and Period Growth 2016-2021
Chart 21 Investment Landscape of Iraq: 2020-2021
Chart 22 FDI intensity: 2020
Chart 23 Foreign Direct Investment in Iraq: 2015-2020
Chart 24 Gross Fixed Capital Formation in Iraq: 2010-2021
Chart 25 Government Budget Landscape of Iraq: 2021
Chart 26 Public Debt: 2021
Chart 27 Government Revenue: 2021
Chart 28 Government Expenditure: 2021
Chart 29 Government Expenditure by Economic Type in Iraq: 2021

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