Income and Expenditure: France

September 2021

Per capita consumer income is expected to increase over the long term in France, owing to extensive labour market and tax reforms, as well as a massive COVID-19 recovery plan. Over the long term, purchasing power will be concentrated in the hands of current-day middle youth, yet the senior population will be the major high-value spenders. Although income inequality is rather low in France, regional and generational gaps remain an important issue, hampering equal discretionary spending growth.

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The Country Briefings series examine market potential, economic and consumer trends impacting each country and how they are set to change.

Each Country Briefing covers one of these topics:

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Income and Expenditure: France



Current middle youth to shape future discretionary spending patterns
The middle class to remain prevalent in France, amid relatively low income inequality
Island of France to remain the largest consumer market, amid persisting regional disparities
Expanding affluent French population to support higher position in the Wealth Index
Chart 1 Annual Gross Income Distribution by Age in France: 2020 Chart 2 Distribution of Income in France: Key Metrics 2020-2040 Chart 3 Gross Income Growth Index in France 2020-2040 Chart 4 Average Gross Income by Age in France: 2020-2040 Chart 5 Population by Income Bracket in 2040 Chart 6 Gini Index 2020/2040 Chart 7 Households by Disposable Income (PPP) over 2020-2040 Chart 8 Overview of France’s Social Classes Chart 9 Social Class D by Age: 2020/2040 Chart 10 Consumer Market and Spending in France: Key Metrics 2040 Chart 11 Consumer Expenditure in Top Regions: Size in 2040 and Growth over 2015-2040 Chart 12 Urban/Rural Consumer Expenditure in 2040 Chart 13 Household Expenditure in 2020 Chart 14 Consumer Spending by Category in France 2020-2040: USD per Household Chart 15 Index of Consumer Prices in France over 2010-2020 Chart 16 Household Expenditure by Category in France: 2040 Chart 17 France’s Wealth Landscape: 2020-2030

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